The London Fire Brigade report, the video and the timeline of the fire

The London Fire Brigade report into the Samuel Garside House fire, dated 16 November 2019 and leaked in early May 2020, makes clear that the balconies of that block of flats, at 2 Depass Gardens, Barking Riverside, Barking, Essex, did not perform, when subject to test, to the government regulations requiring them to resist fire spread. The fire which took place in that block of 79 flats, the conclusion states, spread due to the “inherent combustibility” of the materials used in the balcony structure.

The danger of fire was self-evident to residents. They set out, as did the residents association, to alert the building managers, the builders, and the developers to this danger, especially since the Grenfell Tower fire of 2017. These parties were alerted but did not remove the threat. Even worse than this, as we set out, a fire risk assessment in January 2019 explicitly cited the risk the balconies posed. This fire risk assessment should have been shared with residents, especially given their on-going concerns, but it was not. In fact, it was flatly denied that there were further fire safety issues to address.

The fire at Samuel Garside House (SGH) took place on Sunday 9th June 2019. The association chair, Pete Mason, has written a timeline of the fire based on the 25 minute video of it below.

This timeline can be found here

The fire spread from the first two flats which were on fire to the other six which were connected via the wooden balconies in just 4 minutes. It was only stopped by the stairwells, which break up the continuous wooden balconies, from spreading throughout the building in minutes. But the flats to the south of the central “C” block that was consumed in the fire were damaged to various degrees by smoke, water and other effects of the fire.

The time line states:

Water appears to run out

On the timeline of the video, the fire brigade begin attacking the flames at 7.43 and damp down the flames substantially. This agrees with the LFB report noting an approximate two minute delay, taking us to 15:38:26. (Point 5.11, page 7) This delay was due to there being no indication of fire hydrants on the Mobile Data Terminals of the fire engine, the computer system that assists the firefighters. The fire fighters were forced to use their own water and call reinforcements.

However, precisely four minutes later, from 11.43 until 19.28 minutes on the timeline, the video shows there were no hoses on the fire and the fire revives throughout the affected area very nearly to the point it reached when it was first attacked. This approximates to 15:42:26 until 15:50:08 in actual time, about 7 minutes 42 seconds.

It is impossible to describe the distress residents felt as they saw their homes being consumed again by the same fire – the video shows how it built up again. However, the firefighters putting out the fire were responding to a 999 call reporting two people trapped in the building.

The timeline continues:

This coincides with the following notes in the LFB report:

“5.14 At 15:40 hours, LOC received information from a 999 caller, a resident of flat [REDACTED] who was remote from Samuel Garside House at the time of the incident, stating ‘[REDACTED] and [REDACTED] are inside {they} {do} not know their location’. This information was relayed to the incident ground via main scheme radio. WM [REDACTED] committed Firefighters (Ff’s) in BA to carry out a search and rescue for the residents of flat [REDACTED]. Ff’s later confirmed that no persons were found in flat [REDACTED] (Source: Witness information WM [REDACTED] and LOC Brigade mobilisation system – BOSS).”

The notes continue:

“WM [REDACTED] ordered Ff’s in BA with jets to carry out a systematic search of all floors via the communal front door of core 4.”

The LFB further note that at 15:52, a message was sent suggesting that the firefighters were by then clear of the building.

999 call

It appears that having largely damped down the fire, and in response to this 999 call, the fire brigade stopped using their hoses (“Ff’s in BA with jets“) while they entered the still burning building to “carry out a systematic search of all floors” and find the trapped persons during this period. They then returned to fight the fire, using the water in their fire engines once again.

The revival of the fire demonstrates why the fire brigade had to put so much water on a fire  long after the flames disappear, leading inevitably to substantial water damage. This water damage drove many other residents from their flats for many months – some still not returned at the time of writing (1/5/20), 11 months later, while work continues to restore the flats.

Fire hydrants

As stated, the LFB  were initially unable to locate the fire hydrants. Multiple residents state that the fire brigade were initially unable to locate fire hydrants, and unable to find working fire hydrants, during that time. They finally found one on Chilworth Place.

I arrived shortly before the fire hoses were rolled out down Chilworth Place. My own photographic evidence from that time tells us that this was after the water was restarted and the flames substantially damped down.

One witness said that there was a fire hydrant adjacent to the building but it could not be used.

It is essential to note that, were it not for the flammable exterior decorative wood on the balconies, which spread the original fire across the balconies, one or at most two fire engines would have been ample to put out the fire in a single flat without need for fire hydrants. This rapid fire spread was perhaps not anticipated in advance by the fire services.

Timeline of Fire from the Chair of the Residents Association

 Had the fire started on the other side of the building,  where there are no stairwell breaks, the entire building would have been consumed by fire. It cannot be ruled out in these circumstances that the fire, now a burning inferno of 79 flats, would not have leapt to the wood expanses facing it across the narrow road and set alight several rows of houses – the estate could have burned down.

Although the London Fire Brigade report into the fire, does not speculate on this scenario directly, it does dwell on the continuous wood on the west facing side, and on the speed of the flames, and states that many more flats would have been destroyed. The investigation by the LFB also points to the effect of the heat on the building across the road, suggesting that they were subject to great heat, and implying the danger of fire spread across the road was real.


London Fire Brigade Redacted report